Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Runewars Terrain, Part 1: Swamp Boards

Back in June, Fantasy Flight Games commissioned me to build a set of demo boards for the launch of their upcoming Runewars miniatures game. The concept required a 2' x 3' central board with a castle ruin in the center, and two 3' x 3' boards to go on either side. Each of the boards needed a handful of scatter terrain– ruins, swamps, and trees.

I had to keep the project under wraps until their announcement of the game at Gen Con, but I took photos of the build and kept a project log as I went. This next series of blog posts will be about the table build, and I hope you'll follow along. If you have any questions, ask in the comments below.

Modular Game Boards

The 3' x 3' boards were going to have built-in swamps on the corners, and they needed to align with either side of the center display and with each other to form a 3' x 6' play area. I began by sketching out the shape of the swamps.

Then, I cut the swamp shapes out of the top boards and attached them to the table frames to create a 1/4-inch recessed areas.

With the swamps cut out and lined up, I filled in a few areas with foam core smoothed over the edges with wood filler putty.

The table was coated with wood glue and sand and a few larger rocks, then it was painted with a layer of brown latex paint to help seal in the sand. The ground was all drybrushed with P3 colors Gun Corps Brown, Moldy Ochre, and Menoth White Base. The rocks were picked out with grey.

Patches of flock and static grass, and a few grass tufts were added. Then I masked off the corners with plastic card and poured the water effects. I used Envirotex Lite "Pour-On," tinted with a little brown and green paint. If you're trying this yourself, use only a drop or two of paint as it tints the resin very quickly making it nearly opaque.

The Envirotex dried overnight and I pulled off the card.

I sanded the edges smooth, and everything lined up perfectly. The static grass pattern also matched up between boards.

Here you can see the boards with their finished swamps. (There are four because I made two sets of tables.)

Once the board edges were painted black, the modular boards were finished.

Swamp Trees

To make some suitably creepy trees, I started by sculpting a large tree trunk and made a few resin castings of it. Woodland Scenics plastic tree armatures were pegged into the tops to create a larger tree.

The trees were painted with a series of sprays– Black primer, then dark grey, medium brown, and a lighter grey spray on the tops of the branches. The hanging moss was created by dipping pieces of cotton balls in a thinned mix of P3 Traitor Green paint and wood glue. The cotton was then draped over the branches and a few drops of wood glue added. Green flock was sprinkled over the cotton and left to dry.

Once dry, the cotton "moss" was firm enough to handle. A little flock was glued onto the bases of each tree to help it blend into the ground.

I made enough trees to put a small woods on each of the boards.

Finally, a template was made to define the area of the woods, textured to match the table base. The trees stand on the template and can be removed when units of troops move through.


I made some modular swamp terrain for each of the tables. The style of these matched the grass and water in the recessed swamps on the board corners.

I'll discuss the swamps more thoroughly in an upcoming tutorial about making tall swamp grass (link below).

Follow these links to read the rest of the series:

Runewars Terrain, Part 1: Swamp Boards

Terrain Tutorial: Swamp Grass

Runewars Terrain, Part 2: Castle Ruins

Runewars Terrain, Part 3: Ruins and Arches

Runewars Terrain, Part 4: Painting and the Finished Table

'Til next time!

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

General's Handbook, List Building and Summoning

Last time I gave an overview of the General's handbook for Age of Sigmar. If you missed it, you can read about that here. I forgot to address the details of how summoning works in the Matched Play section, and I've had a chance to crunch some numbers and play around with a couple of army lists for my Skaven and Undead.

GW has already released a FAQ for their Age of Sigmar books. One bit in the errata for the Handbook addresses something I brought up about the Path to Glory warbands. I was dismayed by the fact that the Flesh-eater Courts allegiance only offered Crypt Ghouls and Crypt Horrors as followers. It turns out the chart has a typo, and is supposed to include Crypt Flayers as two options. (I suspected as much.)

One thing they don't appear to have addressed in the FAQ is whether a Pitched Battle army's general must have the "leader" battlefield role. The basic rules allow the player to select as their general any model in the army, not necessarily one that you would expect to be the general, like a powerful hero or wizard, but players could choose a random goblin or a catapult.

The new Pitched Battle rules require armies (of any size) to include at least one unit with the "leader" battlefield role. Presumably, that's to include a model that will be eligible to select as the general, but the rules don't specify that the selected model needs to be a "leader." The book simply states that the army roster "must say which unit (Errata changes it to read "model") in the army will be the army general."

Listening to some podcasts, they were under the impression (and it seems like common sense) that the general would need to be selected from one of the "leader" units in the army. They were hoping that it would put an end to some Ogre Kingdom players' dastardly trick of selecting one of the models in a large Ogor unit, knowing full well that the entire unit will need to be killed off before they have to remove the Ogor they've designated as their general. Well, apparently that's still a viable tactic. Maybe in the next round of FAQs.

Summoning Reinforcements

In the Age of Sigmar, models can summon new units to the battlefield. Death Wizards, for example can summon all manner of undead monsters and infantry to join the ranks of their army. Originally, the only limitation on what could be summoned was being able to successfully cast the spell for the unit you wished to deploy. It was an easy way for Death or Chaos players to field a lot of wizards and quickly outnumber their opponents by summoning unit after unit.

In Pitched Battle games, players can no longer freely summon whenever and whatever they want. Now, when building an army list, the player needs to set aside a portion of their army points to be a "reinforcement points." For example, in a 2000 point army, one might build a list that's 1700 points of units to deploy at the start of the battle, and then hold the 300 points in the reserve pool. There's no restriction of how much or how little you can set aside for summoning. (And this is for anything that will bring new units onto the table, not just summoning spells.)

The points set aside for reinforcements aren't assigned to particular units before the game. ie: In my undead army I don't need to specify that those 300 points will be spent on 240 points of skeletons and a 60 point hero. I can decide what I want to spend the reserve points on over the course of the game– maybe one large unit or monster, or a few small units and heroes.

My initial thoughts about summoning was that it was a waste– The player would essentially be shorting himself on a portion of his army from the start, and those models may indeed never arrive if he can't pull off the spells to summon them. But I'm beginning to see the potential strategy behind it– Units that arrive get to essentially "deep strike" where they are needed on the battlefield, and it's very easy to deny one's opponent the ability to stop the spell by hiding the casting wizard behind terrain. The fact that the summoned units don't need to be selected in advance means that the player can deploy the "meat and potatoes" of his army and use the reinforcements to summon units more suited to the task depending on the army and scenario he's facing. (Need more infantry to hold objectives? A monster or knights to take down a powerful enemy unit? Flying units to cover more ground or get around impassible terrain?) That's not too shabby.

Something else the summoning can be used to get around are the allegiance restrictions. For example, In my undead army, I can field Blood Knights as "battleline" units if the entire army has the Soulblight allegience. Soulblight limits my army to Vampire Lords (with Zombie Dragon), Coven Thrones, Blood Knights, Fell Bats, Bat Swarms, and Vargheists. And that's it, no infantry, no Dire Wolves, nothing ethereal... But reinforcements aren't bound by allegiance (other than holding to the Death Grand Alliance), so I could use summoning to bring in skeletons, wolves, or ghouls during the course of the game.

It's very situational however, as some of the undead sub-allegiances don't even include any wizards. For example, a wholly Deathrattle force could field Black Knights as battleline units, but the only characters available in the Deathrattle list are Wight Kings. So I'd be limited to Skeletons, Grave Guard and Black Knights with no option to summon anything else.

It's important to point out that spells and abilities that add models to an existing unit (rather than bring a new unit to the table) don't cost any reserve points. So the undead banners that replenish fallen troops don't need to have any reserve points set aside for them, but units can't be brought above their starting size in this manner.

Army Lists

I put together a few lists and it looks like the scale of points are pretty comparable to what they were in 8th Edition. A 2000 point army in Age of Sigmar is about the same number of models and units as a 2000 point list in 8th Edition army books. (I'm only looking at Skaven and Vampire Counts, mind you.) One thing that's out of whack are Skaven Jezzail teams. They got a huge point increase, which is fine because they are devastating in Age of Sigmar. (30 of them used to be 600 points, now that comes to 1400 points. Yikes!)

Here's a 2000 point list of 8th Edition Vampire Counts, with a Master Necromancer as its general, a fair mix of troops, and four magic items. The army comes to 1995 points:


The same force, converted over to an Age of Sigmar Pitched Battle army, comes to 1900 points. You'll notice that also includes a third stand of Bat Swarms since they are purchased in units of three, and Doom Wolf leaders for both of the wolf units, since unit upgrades are essentially free:



To round out things to 2000 points, I can drop five Black Knights, add 10 Grave Guard, and then pay for the upgrade for the Deathrattle Horde battalion. Having a warscroll battalion allows me to select another Hero to wield an Artifact of power (giving me two in the army), and I get the battalion upgrades for most of my units, allowing them to re-roll saves of 1 if they're in proximity of another Deathrattle battalion unit, and lets them run an additional 4" rather than rolling to see how far they can run. (Honestly, the battalion warscroll is worth it just for the running bonus, so I can avoid having to make a dice roll every time I move a unit!)


Something else I need to keep an eye on is the fact that Varghulfs have the "leader" battlefield roll. That's easy to overlook, considering they've always been considered monsters, and including them might put me over on my allotment of "leader" units. Other than a few little quirks like that, building an army using the General's Handbook looks like it will play out much the same as it used to.

If anything, players have the freedom to include allied models they normally wouldn't have been able to. As long as the units in the army all belong to the same Grand Alliance (Chaos, Order, Death, or Destruction) anything goes. So an Order army could be comprised of Dwarf and Empire units, all the Elves can intermingle. Skaven are part of Chaos now, so I could put together a Pestilens-themed army that included Nurgle units. Death is the odd man out with only the "Vampire Counts" undead and the Tomb Kings.

I'm waiting for the word to come down that since Tomb Kings are listed under "Compendium" profiles and not under the "Death" profiles that they don't formally count toward the Death Grand Alliance and can't be fielded in a "mixed" undead army. Although, the FAQ does specify that the warscroll keywords are all that matter for determining what Grand Alliance a unit falls under, and the Tomb Kings do have the Death keyword. I guess it will only matter to me if I ever play in a tournament again.

'Til next time!

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Reviewing The General's Handbook

I took a long, good look through the General's Handbook, and here's what I think.


First of all, the price can't be beat. $25 for a 169 page book is great, and it's chock full of good stuff. Army points aside, there are a few scenarios and campaign ideas that have me really excited to get some models on the table again.

One thing I keep hearing about Age of Sigmar is that the four-page rules pack doesn't really make for interesting games, or even balanced games, and that scenarios are essential to maintaining some kind of direction. Otherwise it's just putting out whatever you want and pushing it all into a pile in the middle. Unfortunately, the only way to get those crucial game-making scenarios was to pick up the different battletomes at the tune of $60 a pop. That's a lot of money to make the game boasting free rules "playable."

For $25 the General's Handbook gives you 26 battleplans (scenarios) across the various campaign formats and pitched battle guidelines. Here's a quick overview and some opinions on the different chapters:

Multiplayer Rules

This section outlines two different types of multiplayer battles– Coalition of Death (team play) and Triumph & Treachery (every man for himself). There are two Coalition scenarios and four Triumph & Treachery scenarios.

I really like the "Might is Right" scenario where the board is organized in more of a "hexagon" shape, allowing up to six players to deploy in a circle around the center of the map. The game is won by the payer that controls the most board sections at the end of a randomly-determined game length, encouraging players to get out of their deployment zones and mix it up.



Narrative Play

There are four narrative battle plans, based around telling a story. These assign a unique command ability to each side, or features an in-game event or action to spice things up. There are also two scenarios based on recreating battles of the past, one of which is an epic clash between Archaon and Nagash, incorporating multiple players and armies.



Path to Glory

This is a campaign where the participants generate small warbands and track progression through unit upgrades and awards for the champion leading the warband. It looks like a neat way to break into some structured Age of Sigmar games with a new army or small collection. It's relatively open, with charts for selecting the warband's followers. The rules say you can pick the followers you want, but the charts are set up so you can randomize things with a dice roll if you prefer.

Participants play games and score points after each game, D3 points for a win, and 1 point for a loss or draw. The first to 10 points wins the campaign if they can win another, final battle. There are only two scenarios in this section, but I'm sure most of the others could be used with a little modification.

My critique of this would be that it seems like a couple players could dominate by spamming games and reaching the target number of points. And the campaign leaders could be prevented from achieving victory by the other players simply refusing to play anyone who has 10 points. It's all really dependent on your gaming group; a min-maxing win-at-all-costs group might run into the problems I just outlined, but a more relaxed group would probably have fun. Something as simple as setting a date, before which no player can fight their final battle, would allow everyone ample time to rack up their points. And maybe the final battle could only be fought against another player with 10 points, so they each have an equal stake in the result and might be more evenly matched.

Something weird I noticed in the warband rosters is that the Skaven charts allow the player to pick freely from all the Skaven clans, but the Death charts restrict the player to only one "Death allegience." for example, if you pick Deathrattle as your allegience, you only get a Wight King as your champion, and the only followers you have access to are Skeletons, Grave Guard, and Black Knights. That's a pretty narrow selection, and all of the ethereal stuff is completely absent from any of the allegiences. Furthermore, the Flesh-eater Court chart is the only one that allows heroes and monsters as followers, and it doesn't have Vargheists or Crypt Flayers, only Crypt Horrors.

That seems like something most players would want to house rule to allow more diverse Undead armies. (I, personally, would like to play with more than only three of the 20+ units available to the Undead!) Actually, MOST of the armies are left out of the Path to Glory and it seems limited to only the factions that have been included in the Age of Sigmar (Chaos, Stormcast, Fyreslayers, Skaven, Ironjaws, Sylvaneth, and Death), so a little creativity will be required to make it inclusive to participants who want to play with Seraphon, Bretonnians, or the Empire.

Map Campaigns



I dig the new "map" campaign, although it's more of a "location" campaign since it doesn't rely on players conquering territory on a map, maintain borders, and attacking their neighbors. While I do enjoy the style of map campaign I ran with my friends, it requires a certain level of dedication, and that dedication really gets tested as the campaign goes on and players occupying larger swathes of land on the map are required to fight more and more battles each campaign turn. (It's my experience that the players' motivation always decreases over time, not the other way around.)

With this new style of map campaign, players are not locked into only fighting players they are adjacent to, and there are no "scheduled" battles that need to occur for the campaign to continue. Participants can play if they are available and don't need to be bothered if they don't have the time, or have to drop out. The campaign round is structured in terms of months, with players playing whenever or whomever they want each month. They decide on a map location to fight over, and at the end of the month, whichever player has the most victories at a given location gets victory points and an in-game bonus awarded for the following month. At the end of a set number of months whoever accumulated the most victory points wins the campaign. Simple.

I'm itching to model a three-dimensional map, complete with miniature counters to represent the players' armies that have captured the locations each round, and some "trophy markers" that the players would place on the battlefield to represent the bonuses they've earned for that month. For example, a sword or helmet bearer to go next to a hero that is using an attack or armor bonus.

Tree and Matrix Campaigns

The tree campaign is a series of linked battles, one leading to another based on the result of the previous game. There are six scenarios, but following the paths on the tree, you'll likely only play three or four of them. Tree campaigns look short, but are a nice way to play a series of linked games with a narrative, rather than just setting up for one pitched battle game after another.



The matrix campaign looks more like a series of battle modifiers than a straight-up campaign. Essentially, when preparing for a battle, each player picks a strategy in secret. Strategies are things like swinging around the flank by fording a river, holding position to await reinforcements, scouting the enemy's position, or engaging straight away. The players then cross reference their strategies on the chart to see what modifiers will be added to the game. One player might get to deploy ambushers, or get additional troops. Units might be injured before the battle starts while moving into a flanking position over dangerous ground. Neat stuff to shake up the same-old-same-old.


Matched Play

The matched play section has rules for a ladder campaign (challenging people above you on a ladder, king-of-the-hill style.) It also has rules for playing pitched battles using a point structure for players to build their armies to an equal value. The pitched battles themselves are six scenarios focused around capturing battlefield objectives.

The Pitched Battle rules also assign battlefield roles to the different units, such as Leader, Battleline, Artillery, and Behemoth. Armies require a minimum number of Battleline units (core troops) and set a maximum for the others based on the size of the army.

There are also grand alliance abilities– If all the units in an army have the same alliance key word the player gets a battle trait for the army, and can choose a command trait for his general and a magic artifact for one of his heroes. That's a nice way to add a little uniqueness to each army. I'm very happy to see that the Cursed Book is among the Artefacts of Death, and just like it did many years ago, the book gives living models near it -1 on their hit rolls. My necromancer Nieman Kimmel will be pleased!

The points are arranged by Age of Sigmar Grand Alliance faction, and then in a "legacy" section which has all of the remaining entries from the initial warscroll compendium roll out. Skaven, for example are all listed under the Chaos section. Since Skavenslaves are absent from "Age of Sigmar proper" their points are found in the compendium section along with all of the dropped special characters. So you can build a complete army, it just might be scattered across a couple sections. Same for the other Old World armies. That's a minor quibble, though.

Tomb Kings are in there, as are the Bretonnians. The Varghulf only has the one point value under the Flesh Eater Courts, and no alternate cost for the Vampire Counts compendium scroll or Grand Alliance Death scroll. I would assume the two just share the same point cost even though the two scrolls have different rules? Or maybe the Varghulf Courtier is the only Varghulf available now? I guess it's whatever the group agrees on. Not really a big issue though.

The available warscroll battalions are also referenced in the points section, but you'll need the relevant battletome or grand alliance book to get the details of the battalion itself. The battalion points listed are said to be an extra cost to get its bonuses and the units in it need to be paid for separately.

There are those who say that points are never balanced, but that's fine. Even in the tightest rule sets, people still complain about a particular unit being too costly for what it does, or vice versa. Points are really just a guide anyway, an easy watermark for building a specific size army to play games without having to go through as much trial-and-error to find out what will make a balanced fight. Gaming groups or tournament organizers can adjust the points as necessary.

I saw online that some people are already complaining about the Battleline designations as being too restrictive. I guess they missed the part where the book tells you that you can just use the points and ignore the classifications, or that the entire book is optional, and that players are free to pick and choose the parts that work for their gaming community. I guess there's no wining– People want the structure of army points and list building and then complain when they get it.

I personally haven't had a chance to sit down and crunch numbers on a list, so I really don't have an opinion on the point values themselves. I'm also not the kind of player who reads and evaluates unit warscrolls that aren't part of my own army, or who "theory-hammers" out every conceivable combination, so I can't say whether a particular Chaos or Orc unit might be over or under-costed.


My only gripe with the book (and it's a big one) is its photography. If you're thinking of picking up this book for some serious "miniature porn" don't get your hopes up. While the photos of the models are fine, there is too much focus on the models and zero attention given to the setting. I find that very disappointing as a terrain enthusiast.



Especially, for a game that is is designed to incorporate terrain more, and has special rules for every piece of scenery on the board, there is a serious lack of terrain in any of the photos. The environment is kind of important to forging a narrative game, and the book does nothing to establish the environment visually.

This two-page spread is the only section in the book that really addresses battlefield scenery, and the scenery isn't even showcased that well:



I'm starting to think that the 8th Edition Warhammer rulebook might be the last Games Workshop publication to get me excited about looking at tabletop wargaming imagery. Every one of these images tells a story, as much with its models as with its setting.


Even these simple Elven columns establish that this forest is on the border of the Elven territory, or near a ruined fort:


The photo accompanying this "battle for the pass" scenario, even though it's just a bunch of rocks with a Dwarven stronghold barely visible in the background, does more to establish where this fight is happening than any of the pictures in the General's Handbook.


I know GW is in the business of selling models and not scratch-built scenery, but the lush scenery is what gets people excited to want to put models on it.



I mean, look at this! Talk about forging a narrative!


Compare that epic clash between Dark Elves streaming off their ships to invade the High Elf kingdom, to this image of the forces from the Fate of Shyish battle:



The armies look nice, but they're partially obscured by smoke, and the setting isn't established at all. Is the Realm of Death is supposed to be devoid and barren? Because the setup for the battlefield describes it as being studded with the ruins of ancient tombs.


The battle of the century between Archaon and Nagash, and it's happening... literally nowhere.


I understand that GW wants to promote their own line of plastic terrain kits, and that's fine, but at least show them in the background. Show some awesome conversions of what the design team has done with the terrain. Look at this spread from the 8th Edition book. The castle is both beautiful and kitbashed from multiple GW scenery kits. And more importantly, it sets the stage and establishes where the battle is occurring and what is at stake. Imagine all the frightened peasants huddled behind those walls. The only thing protecting them is few hundred Empire state troops and knights. That Chaos army is going to wreck that place!


In the General's Handbook, the closest we come to a uniquely converted and inspiring fortification is this Chaos Dreadhold with what looks like a quadruple-sized Realmgate modeled into it. Very cool. I wish we could see it better, or the models around it, for that matter.


There's a neat-looking mountain of skulls in the background of the table featured in the battle report.



And this is as close as we get to it:


The Ophidian Archway on that board also looks like it's converted with overgrown, glowing trees, but it's barely visible. Even the map for the campaign is a piece of custom-built scenery, modeled and painted on a realm of battle board. I would love to see that thing, but we only get this tiny, top-down shot of it.


I guess the days of beautifully modeled, inspiring boards at GW events and in their publications are over.




Now it's just Age of Sigmar ruins, manor houses, and plastic trees on realm of battle boards, all with the exact same built-in hills and skull-filled crevices.

That's the same reason I haven't been interested in looking through 40K books in ages– Because the photos are all the same: Models on Realm of Battle boards in front of Cities of Death ruins and Imperial fortifications. And that's regardless of the army– Orks? Cities of Death terrain. Eldar? They're hanging out in the Imperial Cities of Death ruins. It's boring and repetitive, and it always ends up creating a busy image that doesn't contrast with the models enough. And more specifically, I know I'm not going to see anything new.

But, all my ranting aside, the General's Handbook really is worth picking up. The new rules look like a lot of fun, and I hope sparks some interest to get people back into the hobby in my area.

'Til next time!